Journal of Energy and Natural Resource Management (JENRM) <p>The Journal of Energy and Natural Resource Management (JENRM) (ISSN Online: 2616-1648) is published by the University of Energy and Natural Resources (UENR), Sunyani, Ghana since 2014. JENRM is a multidisciplinary educational research platform dedicated to bringing scientists the best research and key information in the fields of engineering, natural resources, sciences, geosciences, agriculture, mathematics, energy, advances in computers and technology. JENRM adopts a highly rigorous double-blind peer-review to evaluate manuscripts for scientific, engineering or technical novelty and relevance. JENRM is an Open Access scholarly refereed research journal which aims to promote theory and practice in energy, engineering, sciences and environmental resource management and governance.</p> University of Energy and Natural Resources en-US Journal of Energy and Natural Resource Management (JENRM) 2026-6189 Entrepreneurs Perceived Impact of Covid-19 On Businesses: Does Gender Matter? <p>The widespread of the COVID-19 pandemic has affected world economies immensely. In the case of Ghana, small businesses became vulnerable to supply and demand shocks which inhibited normal economic activity. The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences in the perceived effect of the COVID-19 crisis on small businesses as regards gender, using a sample size of 508 Ghanaian small firms (280 male-owned and 228 female-owned firms). With disparities in social systems, the nature of social roles associated with men and women, especially in developing countries, and the degree of risk sensitivity and emotions of women, gender was considered as a demographic variable to provide a fundamental understanding of differences in the perceived impact of COVID-19 on small businesses. The study adopted a cross-sectional and quantitative survey covering micro-entrepreneurs in Ghana. Data was collected online through the use of Google forms and was analyzed with the aid of Predictive Analytics Software. The findings demonstrated strong evidence that female-owned small firms differ significantly from male-owned small firms with regard to the sustainability of the business. Hence, the study recommends that governments and policymakers should introduce policies to revamp female-owned businesses, and women should try to attain the same levels of prospects attained by men. On the other hand, variables such as financing sources, financial health, budget targets, and composite perceived impact of COVID-19 were found to be statistically insignificant between male and female owners. It is recommended, therefore, that health, socio-economic, and humanitarian policies are endlessly adhered to by businesses in addition to the effective emergency funding of programmes provided by governments around the world to businesses. Governments should ensure that the programmes expedite the 3 Es’ (Economy, Efficiency and Effectiveness). This would enable small businesses to streamline their activities.</p> R. Djimatey Copyright (c) 2021 2021-03-22 2021-03-22 7 1 7 7 10.26796/jenrm.v7i1.164 Building the University of Energy and Natural Resources (UENR) University into A First-Class University: The Role of The University Administrator <p>A University’s rank is useful in the current era where arc universities are progressively enlarging their umbrella of strength and performance to remain competitive in the spheres of academic excellence. Essentially, world ranking by the Times Higher Education is a valuable means by which challenged emerging universities can possibly heighten their efforts for making recognizable impacts in the form of quality products and services in the particular academic niche they operate. In view of the merits associated with the ranking of universities, this research unraveled key underlying responsibilities for administrators of emerging universities such as the University of Energy and Natural Resources in Ghana. As indicated by this study, building a world-class university calls for an integrated and vested efforts by all forms of bureaucracy in universities in order to achievable this objective. This study maintained that, attaining this objective of being a world-class university could be quite challenging due to the operational reformations most emerging universities must undergo, however, it was posited that the benefits of being “tagged” as a world-class university is enormous, and therefore recommended the need for administrators to champion the ideal world-class university standard by promoting interventions that are in line with this agenda.</p> D. T. Ankrah M. K. Acheampong E. K. Siabi Copyright (c) 2021 JENRM 2021-03-16 2021-03-16 7 1 15 15 10.26796/jenrm.v7i1.167 Review and Analysis of Ghana’s Power Sector Policies, Programmes and Reforms <p>Ghana has so far consumed about 60% (1580 MW) of its hydropower potential with the remaining untapped potential being just 820 MW. The country currently lacks adequate financial sources for harnessing renewable energy resources to generate electricity at the levels generated by developed countries. Thermal power which happens to be the best option to the country for firm power generation is relatively expensive. Nuclear power generation has not yet been implemented in Ghana primarily because of its safety requirements and the level of technical knowledge and commitment it requires. It is therefore incumbent on the country to carefully draw and strictly execute coherent energy policies to ensure the supply of affordable, reliable and sustainable power. This research reviews policy formulations, reforms and programmes of Ghana’s power sector from 1966 to 2019 with the aim of having a fair idea of the power landscape and proposing measures and workable solutions for a better understanding of the country’s electricity situation in the future. Among the workable solutions identified and proposed in this paper is the call on the government, not to sell out the state-owned power generating utilities and the need for it to have oversight responsibilities over the utilities in a manner that would not be adjudged as interference but rather help them to grow. The challenges faced by<br>Ghana in its energy sector are attributed to factors such as inadequate power supply for both internal and external consumption, disconnection between policy directions and implementation (i.e., gap between policy and implementation), politicization of energy policies, reforms and programmes, excessive government influence and inadequate investment in the power sector of the economy. Inadequate investment in the power sector appears to be the major cause of the rampant power crises in Ghana.</p> E. O. Essandoh G. A. Akolgo E. N. Kumi T. Atta-Darkwa Copyright (c) 2021 JENRM 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 7 1 10.26796/jenrm.v7i1.168