Agriculture Data Logger Using GPS Equipped Wireless Sensor Network: A Model to Support Ghana Planting for Food and Jobs Program

Authors

  • Joseph Owusu Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering, UENR, P. O. Box 214, Sunyani-Ghana
  • Kelvin Aidoo Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering, UENR, P. O. Box 214, Sunyani-Ghana
  • Emmanuel Kengel Dankwa Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering, UENR, P. O. Box 214, Sunyani-Ghana
  • Ebenezer Sarpong Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering, UENR, P. O. Box 214, Sunyani-Ghana
  • Nana Twum Duah Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering, UENR, P. O. Box 214, Sunyani-Ghana

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26796/jenrm.v7i2.181

Keywords:

Base station, Node, Wireless Sensor Network, Global Positioning System, microcontroller

Abstract

The Government of Ghanas agenda to maximize food production in agriculture requires the need for the design and development of innovative agricultural systems. Due to the high demand for land for farming which will likely cause deforestation and global warming, coupled with restricted access to some farmland due to distance or pandemics such as COVID-19, there is the need to use technology to optimize farming through precision farming. This paper proposes a model of an agricultural data logger using a wireless sensor network for agricultural parameters collection. The system logs soil temperature, moisture, humidity, and light intensity, transmits and stores the data in a central server for decision making. The wireless sensor network constitutes two nodes and a base station. Each node is a standalone system with sensors; temperature sensor, soil moisture sensor, humidity sensor, and a light sensor. The base station receives information from the various nodes through its network-equipped system. The network system is well secured through proper encryption of data. Global Positioning System is deployed in the proposed system to generate the longitudes and latitudes of the individual nodes. The soil data collected is display on a website and a database is incorporated in the website design to keep records of previously collected data for analysis and better farming decisions. The system consumed low power through the use of a low-powered microcontroller, NodeMCU, and the implementation of the wake
and sleep mode of the sensor nodes.

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Published

2021-11-29

How to Cite

Owusu, J. ., Aidoo, K. ., Dankwa, . E. K., Sarpong, E. ., & Duah, . N. T. . (2021). Agriculture Data Logger Using GPS Equipped Wireless Sensor Network: A Model to Support Ghana Planting for Food and Jobs Program. Journal of Energy and Natural Resource Management, 7(2), 8-15. https://doi.org/10.26796/jenrm.v7i2.181